Indonesia is a country of extremes.
The nation spans the same distance as London to Moscow end-to-end, it’s quite a distance. But where exactly are it’s most extreme points? We’ve collected the most northern and southern tips, to the most western and eastern edges, as well as the highest and lowest peaks to give you a 3-dimensional answer to the question.
Despite being the edges of the country, many people will be unaware of the furthest parts of the archipelago.
So here are Indonesia’s 6 most extreme points…
Northernmost Point | Rondo Island | 6°4′30″N 95°6′45″E
While the most northern point is celebrated as Kilometer Zero on Pulau Weh, this is technically not the case. Rondo Island – visible from the Kilometer Zero monument – is officially the most northern part.
As it’s 4km around and uninhabited, it’s no wonder the monument is on Pulau Weh!
Southernmost Point | Panama Island | 11°0′27″S 122°52′29″E
Tucked underneath West Timor and Rote Island, lies our southernmost point – Panama Island. Another island unpopulated island, it does have a few deer and birds that call it home, and is a spot where turtles come to lay their eggs.
Here’s the King of West Rote checking out Panama, part of his kingdom.
Westernmost Point | Benggala Island | 5°47′32″N 94°58′22″E
To the West, again considered part of the Aceh Province is a small, rocky island fringed by a narrow reef of rocks called Benggala Island.
It’s no wonder that Indonesia has 17,000 islands when this considered an island… but we’ll take it!
Easternmost Point | Torasi Esturay | 9°7′42″S 141°1′10″E
Found at the southeastern tip of West Papua on the border of Papua New Guinea, we find the Torasi Estuary at the mouth of the beautiful Bensbach River.
While the river flows through Papua New Guinea, the Torasi Estuary is considered part of Indonesia.
Lowest Point | Southern Philippine Trench, Philippine Sea | 5°30′7″N 127°40′48″E
The Philippine Trench in the Philippine Sea stretches from Luzon in the Philipines to Maluku in Indonesia. It’s here that the lowest known point within Indonesian waters exists.
At over 9,000 meters deep, it far surpasses Indonesia’s highest point!
Highest Point | Puncak Jaya | 4°4′42″S 137°9′26″E
The Carstensz Pyramid on Puncak Jaya, standing at 4,884 meters tall, represents the highest point in all of Indonesia.
The snow peaks and Himalayan similarities are further examples of how this improbable archipelago provides the most varied and incredible vistas in the world!